DEF Industry Evolution
In this second part of the 2017 Diesel Exhaust Fluid Forecast, we will discuss the DEF Industry Evolution. If you are reading this you are probably already familiar with DEF and what it is. For those who are new and landed on this post please refer to our previous post, 2017 Diesel Exhaust Fluid Forecast (part 1) to our first blog back in 2010 We know DEF or to the FAQ page. DEF or AdBlue was first used for emission reduction in Europe. In the United States, the EPA set their standards in Tiers.
Because air pollution comes from many different sources both mobile and non-mobile sources. The EPA has separated them into categories to better set the standards. The two main classifications are mobile sources, such as cars and trucks and non-mobile sources such as power plants. Within the “mobile” sources of air pollution, there is further segmentation by vehicle type and weight or engine size. For each of the different categories, the EPA set tiered standards. Each tier would have a specific emission standard and would phase in over several years. Tier II would replace or add to Tier I with more stringent standards, and so on.
DEF is expected to be used by a growing number of applications other than on road vehicles. In the industrial and agricultural sectors, there will be tremendous growth.
On road vehicle usage of DEF will continue to grow. Standards will become more stringent to meet goals of NOx reduction, in the years to come. As regulations have evolved into the off-road sector, we will begin to see more users of DEF. The agriculture industry, for example, has had to adapt to meet the emissions requirements. Suppliers of farming equipment will need to find the best DEF systems for their specific market. This may include storage, dispensing and management systems for DEF. There will be challenges for the new players getting their feet wet with DEF and finding the best solutions to these challenges will be key.
The off-Highway applications of Diesel Exhaust Fluid are countless and include construction, mining, manufacturing, marine, and rail. Marine and Rail are two sectors who have not taken off completely and will be slow to move forward. They have their own set of categories and tiers set by the EPA, to help determine emission standards. We are currently in the last tier implementation for these two sectors, and the newest engines are already being manufactured.
Different industries will grow their Diesel Exhaust Fluid use but it is important to note, the concentrations levels of urea will also be increasing depending on the engine and use. Currently, 32.5% concentration is in high demand, but it is expected for 40% concentration to take a higher part of the pie. The DEF Industry will continue to evolve and before long every diesel engine in the country will meet the highest standards of emissions.